Staff of Rural System has been active in developing and using geographic informations systems before the process and facilities became known by that phrase or its acronym of GIS.
See also http://www.eoearth.org/article/Geographic_Information_Systems_(GIS)
Primary uses will be within The Trevey and the thrust of work will be to produce unusual, highly useful products for a profit. Data are expensive; hardware declines in price, and the important issues still lie (and will do so for the future) in very practical maps. We see these as pictures of the results of the mental processes of experts. We sell these maps for use on the land.
Some of the maps are beautiful and deserve treatment (and sale) as an art form. Others show the parts of decisions and are needed by decision makers as a type of decision aid or support.
Elevations have over 20 different uses and many maps can be made from observations of the land stored in a square grid matrix (the UTM coordinates) called a digital elevation model (DEM). Whether each of the following is a new map or a simple transformation of a single data set can be debated. We propose any use that seems to bear on improving a decision. A simple two-factor map can be created such a greater than 3000 feet elevation and less than that amount. It may be shown as one map. There may be the need for two maps (perhaps to use with other data. We propose to develop ease with boolean comparators (e.g., greater than x and less than y or less than q.) Three dimensional land surface appearance can be meaningful, especially as new staff become acquainted with an area.
Other GIS layers to be developed are:
Triplets of these are simple, interesting, and make sense to many people and may be sold ...and lead to more requests.
Specifically for one marketable product: We create and sell growing season maps for the counties and state (a refined agricultural or plant suitability map).
Specifically: Sell a sepia colored chestnut-wood framed map of a property boundary superimposed on a wire-frame, three-dimensional view of a region.
Specifically: Sell an Alpha Unit (selected at random) on federal land (say for $23.98), include a 3-d map of the point and its surrounding area (say a 10 mile by 10 mile area). Include education and marketing. Use the money to fund studies (through the Foundation...each supervised and guided by Rural System staff ) that directly adds to the GIS power of our system (and whoever else that has the system and structures and experts.
Other plans are for sale of select GIS software. The primary work will be in sales of products such as those listed above. The Trevey products may consume all of the activities of the group, but others may include:
In October, 1980, Giles used the following notes in a Virginia Tech lecture:
Geobased Information Systems for Health Systems Planning in Virginia
A lecture on the role of computerized goegraphic data systems in comprehensive city, county, and regional planning, particularly health components of such plans. The infromation or input component of a general systems theory is emphasized. An existing system is shown and its potential role in a Commonwealth Data Base (CDB then being proposed) discussed. Potential uses, with examples, are shown.
The Environmental Factors:
(page 2 missing)
Uses and Applications
|Location is Everything|
A special human health-related set of applications (suggestions prepared in 1985)
Notes from prepared presentation for 2003
A Private GIS Enterprise affiliate
GIS Examples from Bill Card and his Contours GIS enterprise
See ESRI site for related GIS work.
See Ecostats.com for software and shape viewer.
Ideas and assistance may be available from Doug Johnson (Illinois).
See Penn State, riparian forestry, via the Forestry Department
See EPA maps on demand
See Tiger map server, US Census
See NOAA web site
North Carolina has a GIS CD ROM
Heuber, Va. Dept Cons may have data on Mossy Creek in Augusta County
UVA Library has GIS data/maps
Cathy Smith (?State Forestry) has data on forest stands
Raven maps and images, PO Box 850, Medford Oregon
New policies suggested for data sharing:
"The data distribution policy developed by the Open Data Consortium will enable local governments to move responsively in handling public requests for spatial data and will reduce barriers to interagency data sharing," said Kathy Covert, associate strategist for the Federal Geographic Data Committee Secretariat. "This framework will help advance the National Spatial Data Infrastructure vision for a National Map and a Geospatial One-Stop portal to map data."
GeoPrinter Service provides walmap size GIS maps from images supplied.
The model policy is available at the ODC Web site (http://www.opendataconsortium.org) along with documentation of the collaborative work process, additional data studies, data policy documents used by other agencies and links to useful geodata information. Methods to promote free distribution of geospatial data are offered in the document "10 Ways to Support GIS Without Selling Data."
The ODC hopes to move into a second phase as soon as adequate funding is secured. The second phase will focus on educating the GIS community about its findings and on funding GIS operations by changing government accounting practices to allocate some of the benefits of using geospatial data back to GIS operations departments.
"We expect support from government and private companies, because this is a win-win-win policy recommendation," added Joffe. "It serves local government, private data service providers and, most importantly, the general public."
Tele Atlas www.na.teleatlas.com has acquired many data sets for US and Europe and has a USDA access due to a recently acquired (2004 blanket purchase order agreement)
Other applications and "maps" or map layers.
1. Bear Habitat Probability
2. Bear! Wildlife Encounters
3. Potential Wolf (or other furbearers) Areas
4. Hunter Zones and Units
5. Game Poaching Levels
6. Fish Law Enforcement Problems
7. Large Animal Species (200 maps)
8. Lepidoptera (Butterfly/Moth)
9. Total Species or Richness
10. Game Species Richness
11. Trapping Areas
12. Winter Range Dynamics
13. Human Activity
14. Roads (multiple types)
15. Trails (horse, foot, bike, snowmobile)
17. Slope Steepness
19. Aspect Transformed (type I and II) 20. Land Form
21. Slope Position
22. Solar Radiation (monthly)
23. Radiation in the Growing Season
24. Precipitation (monthly max,min, and mean)
25. Degree Days
26. Temperature (monthly max,min, and mean)
27. Evapotranspiration (monthly)
28. Moisture Index
30. Ponds, Lakes and Waterholes
31. Wetlands, Marshes, and Seeps
32. Watershed Boundaries
33. Beaver Activity
34. Gas, Utility, and Powerlines
35. Historic Sites
36. Burial Sites
37. Permanent Water and Baseflow
38. Waterfowl Areas
39. Ancient Forests and Designated Wild or Natural Areas
40. Fish-Watching Zones
41. Bird Watching Areas (general)
42. Avi (sport area and potential areas)
43. Research Areas and Picture Points
44. Noise Zones
45. Viewscapes ('to' and 'from' series)
46. Air Pollution Zones
47. Government Boundaries (county, political, etc.)
48. Census Bureau Enumeration Zones (and related census data)
49. Topographic Map Boundaries
50. Location (world, US, vicinity)
51. Dust Zones
52. Range Types
53. Forest Stands
54. Alpha Units
55. Pseudo-soil Type
56. Hopkins Bioclimatic Zones
58. Kuchler' s Potential Natural Vegetation
59. Current Cover and Vegetation (Landsat)
60. Solid Waste Disposal Sites and Potentials
61. Bailey Ecoregions
62. Seismic Activity
63. Lunar Forces
64. Springs and Caves
65. Broad Landuse Classes
66. Key Angling Sites
67. State and Federal Ownership at Boundaries
68. Flood Zones
69. Ungulate Winter Range with Key Areas
70. Fire History
71. Fire Probability
72. Fire and Soil Erosion Relations
73. Fire Attack Rates
74. Fire Control Access
75. Prescribed Burning Areas and Schedules
76. Smoke and Wind Patterns
77. Smoke and Inversions
78. Smoke and Probable Patterns
79. Individual Plant Species (1000)
81. Groundwater Toxic Sources
82. Groundwater Radiation Levels
84. Lightning Strikes (occurrence and related acres and control effort)
85. Campsites (with trails)
86. Heliports and Emergency Rescue Pathways
87. Wildlife Law Enforcement Patrol Routes and Zones
88. Cliffs, Slides, and Talus
89. Geological Strata
90. Erosion (3 types)
91. Humus Layer Depth
92. Probable Depth to Bedrock
94. Structures and Scheduled Maintenance
95. Emergency and Rescue Centers
96. Recreation Areas (dispersed)
97. Probable Financial Net Gains
98. Production Risk Levels
99. Grazing Plan elements
100. Range Condition and Trend Classes
101. Potential Losses from Fires
102. Ski and Snow sled Routes
103. Potential Utility Corridors (underground)
104. Deer Management (50)
105. Riparian Vegetation
106. Wild Turkey and Grouse (20) 107. Area reconnaissance notes 108. Areas suiatble for use for rubber-tired tractors (wood ahrvests) 109. Logistic regression - probability of higher than a standard max temperature; lower than a minimum 110. Relative forest productivity index (Stage, 1963, 69, 76) 111. Daylight hours based topographic shadow 112. Relative suitability for deer based enery costs of living in a map cell (Rayburn's thesis)
See African-American student Kevin Wheatley who studied GPS and GIS for accuracy of area determinations (2003) at Tech (McNair scholar)
See Post ing GPS coordinates (either UTM or Lat/Long) on the Terrain Navigator series of digitized topo maps (MAPTECH, 655 Portsmouth Ave, Greenland, HN 03840 Tel: 800-627-7236 www.maptech.com)
See Koeln, G. T. 1980. A computer-assisted general aviation airport location and
evaluation system for
Dr. John McGee, Geospatial Extension Specialist in the Department of Forestry, 231-2428, 210-E Cheatham Hall may be a consultant.
Official state lands database is now online (2003) at http://www.dcr.state.va.us./dnh/conslandindex.htm. For information contact Steve Carter-Lovejoy@dcr.state.va.us
Tom Holcomb 303-442-8800 of CommunityViz - GIS software about $300 for a "seat" with educational discounts
Minimum maps for Tracts
See Giles, R. H., Jr. and L. A. Nielsen. 1992. The uses of geographic information systems in fisheries, p. 81 – 94 in R>H> Stroud (ed.) Fisheries management and watershed development, American Fisheries Society, Symposium 13, Newport, R.I.;Bethesda, MD 282 pp.
Geographic Information Systems in Fisheries
by William L. Fisher and Frank J. Rahel, editors
summarizes a growing body of information on applications of (GIS) in fisheries research and management. It is the first book of its kind to provide examples of GIS applications for all components of a fishery (i.e., organisms, habitats, and people), in both freshwater and marine environments. The book introduces ways GIS can be applied to fisheries, identifies challenges associated with using GIS in aquatic environments, reviews fisheries applications of GIS in freshwater (streams, rivers, lakes, and reservoirs) and marine (nearshore and offshore) environments and in aquaculture, examines GIS as a tool for fisheries decision making, and concludes with the future of GIS in fisheries.
275 pages, American Fisheries Society February 2004, ATTN: Orders Department Stock number: 550.41, 1650 Bluegrass Parkway, Alpharetta, GA 30004 List price: $69.00 678-366-1411
See The USGS's Geographic Names Information System..
See GoFish, a Global Gateway to Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing and Mapping for Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries. GISFish is a brand new Web site (2007) of the Aquaculture Conservation and Management Service (FIMA) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) and a number of collaborating institutions.
See CGIT for GIS at Virginia Tech.
Perhaps you will share ideas with me about some of the topic(s) above .
Robert H. Giles, Jr.
July 3, 2005