Rural System
 Sustained rural lands; sustained profits

Notes on Falls and Falling
for the Old Codgers

"Hey! Don't fall down." That what parents used to say. It means more than ever when you reach a ripe age. An amazing number of people are hurt each year from falls. There are lots of reasons why falls occur. All are not "just an accident." Most can be prevented and they need to be, no foolin'. They hurt. They break bones and it takes a long time for old bones to knit. Bones produce good blood cells and we need all that we can get as we get older.

The death rate (about 37/100,000 in 2003) from falls has risen for old people (65 and older) since the 1990s. People are living longer and those have chronic conditions like cancer and heart disease. Falls are the 24th worst cause of death among the elderly.

The ways to reduce falls (some of these are from the U.S. Center for Disease Control - falls are a "disease"? - but send us your suggestions):

  1. Clean up the stairs. Don't leave stuff on the steps. It just makes sense. You'll trip over stuff!
  2. Get rid of the pretty throw rugs. You can hardly keep them from slipping, even once, eventually. The one time that they slip can be the disastrous one. "Pretty" is not worth the risk of a fall. Need warm feet? Get a big rug that will not slip.
  3. Don't wear socks! They are slippy things. Wear rubber sole slippers.
  4. Don't climb up on things. Even young people fall off of things. Step-stools and ladders are valuable, but get rid of them in the house. They are dangerous. Put things within reach. Get a "reacher-tool" for less than a dozen bucks. It is cheap compared to the price of a hip replacement. Out of reach is a sure lasting temptation for a fall.
  5. Exercise your ankles (twisting, turning, standing on tip-toe, rocking back and forth sideways while standing) to keep them strong.
  6. Install grab bars next to the toilet, bath, and at the doorways. Not pretty or too expensive? Compared to a medical bill?; compared to the beautiful roof of a hospital room? Install them.
  7. Put a non-slip mat in the bathtub and shower floor. News flash !! Soapy, wet floors are slippery!
  8. Get things well-lit. Keep them well-lit. Put the switches within reach or, better, install a motion detector so that you do not have to remember to hit the switch. You get light when you walk within the dim areas.
  9. Install strong handrails on the staircases.
  10. Slow down!
  11. Get someone to carry stuff for you. (awkward or heavy packages prevent you from grasping the aids that keep you from falling). They are not helping you (we know you do not want to be " helped"); they are preventing a fall.
  12. Get your eyes checked and corrected. Wear sun glasses in the open sunlight. Not seeing things that trip (TTT) may be the cause of falls, not the things themselves.

No matter what Granny told you, if you do fall, apply ice to the bruised place for 2 hours to reduce bruising. After that, (if you do not see a doctor and get specific advice) start using heat on the bruised spot(s). Don't take aspirin for the pain associated with the bruise until after seeing or discussing that action with a doctor.

Tending someone who has fallen and has an injury is tough duty. Fix up the place; go over the above suggestions. It will be worth it over the short- as well as long-run.

Here's to your good health and sound bones from all of the Old Codgers. Also Old Geezers.

Perhaps you will share ideas with me
about some of the topic(s) above at

Maybe we can work together
... for the good of us all
... for a long time.

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