Species-Specific Management (SSM)

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SSM - Mammals

Walker's Mammals of the World 6th ed. is now available.

The American Society of Mammalogists provides an incomplete but growing list of the mammals known for each state.

The Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station (WES) provides a set of habitat management guidelines for threatened and endangered species of mammals.

Species-Specific Management, SSM, is a system for providing information and advice for managing wild animals and plants. Rather than describing community or system level work with wild creatures, it presumes that the landowner or some person has a species of great interest and wants to keep it at present levels of abundance or to change that abundance. Often wildlife management or faunal system management is seen as a way to get more animals (as in game management) but it also includes stabilizing populations as well as decreasing them (such as when they become pests).

Herein, each species is treated as a system. There have to be objectives, the more precise the better. Information is needed. We have attempted to reduce these to the bare minimum, the need-to-know versus the nice-to-know facts and figures. Processes are fairly straight-forward but explained in some cases. Feedback is simplified here and usually means watching the population or its effects to see if the actions taken do what you want them to do. If they do not, then change the tactics, the objectives, seek more information, or evaluate the monitoring procedure itself. Feedforward means to keep an eye on the future and take actions now (or not) to respond to the likely change. For examples, don't build a pond for animals if a nearby golf course will build one, or you can build one beside a planned logging road within a year,

Click on a title to see information amounting to several pages of information about a species (or in some cases a group such as "furbearers" for people who may not desire to select a species).

Sources of scientific mammal names:
http://www.science.smith.edu/departments/Biology/VHAYSSEN/msi/default.html
and www.usgs.gov
and http://www.nsrl.ttu.edu/pubs/opapers.htm


Special note Tuesday, 29 February, 2000, 10:02 GMT New mammal found in Andes by environment correspondent Alex Kirby

Zoologists say they have made a "dramatic" discovery in the Peruvian Andes - a hitherto unknown genus of mammal.

The discovery of the animal, a tree rat the size of a domestic cat, was made by Dr Louise Emmons, a researcher with the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC.

She found it while climbing in the Vilcabamba mountains near the ruins of the Inca city of Macchu Picchu, an area which had not been researched before. Dr. Emmons was about 700 metres up the mountain when she came across the rat, which had just been killed by an Andean weasel. "I think I must have disturbed the weasel. It ran off and left the mammal almost literally at my feet. "It was a really exciting discovery. I knew it was something I had never seen before, but it's wonderful to realise that this is a totally new genus of rodent."

She told BBC News Online: "It was tremendous luck for me that the weasel had just struck, because the rat is too big to be caught in the traps we set for mice and other small mammals, so I wouldn't have seen it but for the weasel.

"It was also extremely lucky the rat dropped exactly where it did. Another metre either way in that dense vegetation, and I'd have missed it."

Dr. Emmons named the rat Cuscomys ashaninka, a reference both to the nearby city of Cusco and to the indigenous people of the area, the Ashaninka. It is a powerfully-built animal, pale grey, with a white streak running along its head to its snout, and possesses large claws.

The expedition was organised by Conservation International (CI), based in Washington DC.


Hair- General

A lead for hair identification may be: Identification of the Dorsal Guard Hairs of Some Mammals of Wyoming. 1974. Tommy D. Moore, Liter E. Spence, and Charles E. Dugnolle, edited by William G. Hepworth. Wyoming Game and Fish, Bulletin No. 14. 177 pages.


The Society of Mammalogy has files on over 630 species of mammals now available. A subscription is needed.Visit the Carnivore Conservation Portal.

Guillaume Chapron
Laboratoire d´Ecologie CNRS
Ecole Normale Supérieure
46 rue d´Ulm, 75230 Paris Cedex 05
France
E: carnivorecology@ifrance.com


Mammals for which materials within this web site have have been prepared are as follows:

  1. Gray Fox
  2. Red Fox
  3. Eastern Coyote
  4. Fishers
  5. Muskrat
  6. Nutria
  7. River Otter
  8. Eastern Chipmunk
  9. Cottontail Rabbit
  10. Raccoon
  11. Striped Skunk
  12. European Wild Hog
  13. Groundhog or Woodchuck
  14. Shrews
  15. Feral Dogs
  16. Feral Cats
  17. Feral Cats (a Fauna01 contribution)
  18. Moles
  19. Bison
  20. The Cougar

Walker's Mammals of the World 6th ed. is available.

See also the ASM site.

"The Mammals of North America" by E. Raymond Hall is now available (October 28, 2001) The Blackburn Press.


Other Resources:
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This Web site is maintained by R. H. Giles, Jr.
Last revision August 18, 2002.