Species-Specific Management (SSM)

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Species-Specific Management, SSM, is a system for providing information and advice for managing wild animals and plants. Rather than describing community or system level work with wild creatures, it presumes that the landowner or some person has a species of great interest and wants to keep it at present levels of abundance or to change that abundance. Often wildlife management or faunal system management is seen as a way to get more animals (as in game management) but it also includes stabilizing populations as well as decreasing them (such as when they become pests).

See Birds of North America for information about each of the 716 species nesting in North America.

Herein, each species is treated as a system. There have to be objectives, the more precise the better. Information is needed. We have attempted to reduce these to the bare minimum, the need-to-know versus the nice-to-know facts and figures. Processes are fairly straight-forward but explained in some cases. Feedback is simplified here and usually means watching the population or its effects to see if the actions taken do what you want them to do. If they do not, then change the tactics, the objectives, seek more information, or evaluate the monitoring procedure itself. Feedforward means to keep an eye on the future and take actions now (or not) to respond to the likely change. For example, don't build a pond for animals if a nearby golf course will build one within a year.

The USFWS Bird Banding lab maintains the alpha codes for North American birds. Complete list is available at: http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/bbl/manual/sname.htm

Click on a title to see information equivalent to several pages of information about a species (or in some cases a group such as "furbearers" for people who may not desire to select a species).

  1. Songbirds (General)
  2. Warblers (General)
  3. Sparrows (General)
  4. Crows, Jays, and Ravens (General)
  5. Grouse (a Guidance unit)
  6. Grouse (An alternative and additional view)
  7. Bobwhite Quail
  8. American Woodcock
  9. Eastern Ovenbird
  10. English or House Sparrow
  11. White-Throated Sparrow
  12. White-Crowned Sparrow
  13. Eastern Song Sparrow
  14. Field Sparrow
  15. Lark Sparrow
  16. American Goldfinch
  17. Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher
  18. Red-Breasted Nuthatch
  19. Carolina Chickadee
  20. Kinglets
  21. Northern Cardinal
  22. Eastern Robin
  23. Rufous-Sided Towhee
  24. Ruby-Throated Hummingbird
  25. Common Nighthawk
  26. Bluebird
  27. Cedar Waxwing
  28. Northern Oriole
  29. Cuckoos
  30. Northern Mockingbird
  31. Catbird
  32. Brown Thrasher
  33. Wood Pewee
  34. Eastern Phoebe
  35. Eastern Meadowlark
  36. Pileated Woodpecker
  37. Bald Eagle
  38. American Kestrel (Sparrowhawk)
  39. Barred Owl
  40. Screech Owl
  41. Great Horned Owl
  42. Buteos - The Broadwinged Hawks
  43. Accipiters (Cooper's and Sharp-Shinned Hawks)
  44. Falcons (The Kestrel Example)
  45. Blue-Winged Teal
  46. American Black Duck
  47. Pintail
  48. Mergansers or Hooded Merganser
  49. Wood Duck
  50. American Coot
  51. Black-Crowned Night Heron
  52. Whooping Crane
  53. Great Blue Heron
  54. Belted Kingfisher
  55. Cormorants
  56. Rock Dove or Wild Pigeon
  57. Mourning Dove
  58. Raven
  59. Sage Grouse

Check out the internet Indian Journal of Birds and Conservation.

Check out a web site for owls started in May, 2000.

See American Bird Conservancy

The Bird Conservation Alliance is a network of organizations whose focus is the conservation, study, and observation of birds. Through the Alliance, millions of birdwatchers and concerned citizens are united with conservation professionals, scientists, and educators for the conservation of wild birds.
Alicia Frances Craig
Director, Bird Conservation Alliance
American Bird Conservancy
PO Box 90290
Indianapolis, IN 46240

Washington DC ABC Office
1731 Connecticut Avenue NW 3rd Floor
Washington DC 20009

The All-Bird Bulletin, the newsletter of the U.S. North American Bird Conservation Initiative (NABCI) Committee.

Contact:Roxanne Bogart
Wildlife Biologist
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Division of Bird Habitat Conservation
Lake Champlain Fish and Wildlife Resources Office
11 Lincoln Street
Essex Junction, VT 05452
ph: 802-872-0629 ext. 25
fax: 802-872-9704

Other Resources:
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Quick Access to the Contents of LastingForests.com

This Web site is maintained by R. H. Giles, Jr.
Last revision January 17, 2000.