Sustained forests; sustained profits

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The Pest Force

The Pest Force is an integrated vertebrate damage management enterprise. Its function is central to the sustained profits of Lasting Forests. Profit need not be made exclusively from wood sales. Net returns is the concept of profit. Reducing losses is fully as essential as improving gains. It exists to meet the needs of citizens, corporations, and agencies and to serve the pest control industry that is typically involved with insect and invertebrate animal problems. It is a private, for-profit corporation seeking to improve comprehensive, total system management with partner enterprises of the Lasting Forests. The recognized needs are in mastering relations and making tradeoffs within Lasting Forests and with society. For example, one group of people may want to increase deer; others (perhaps including some in that group) may want to reduce deer damage to crops. Some wanting to increase bears may find sheep and bee-hive losses intolerable. A group exists because of their interest in the wild dogs, the foxes and Coyote. They often operate from a protectionist viewpoint.

The Pest Force concentrates on damage, not necessarily on the animal apparently causing it. It then seeks to reduce and manage that damage legally, humanely, and cost-effectively. Its philosophy is outlined. It is sensitive to human regard for life and treatment of animals, but it is also realistic about the threats related to animals of rabies, tularemia, leptospirosis, encephalitis, and psiticosis. The interaction of the fleas of cats and dogs to those brought to them by mice and other animals is well known.

The company has an effective program of city and neighborhood rat control and offers mouse control. It is equally responsive to select needs of people for solutions immediate and long-term, for household and corporate problems with bats, moles, snakes, geese (golf courses), woodpeckers, feral cats and dogs, squirrels, gulls (airports), starlings, skunks, muskrats (pond dams) and garden pests. It offers effective deer management strategies.

The Pest Force emphasizes work on damage, analyzing it relative to costs over time of controls and uses a combination of methods, often selected with the aid of a computer, to select an optimum strategy of damage management. The customer may implement the selected and recommended strategy, or it may obtain the Pest Force services to do so. Fees are paid for the visit, analysis, and implementation.

The Pest Force with the Lasting Forests' Wildland Knowledge Base builds a database and report system and provides every customer with unusual information about each species of pest. An internal, evolving expert system in the enterprise computer is a highly-valued proprietary resource.

The Pest Force is not a group of trappers (though trapping may be the only cost-effective, legal, safe, and timely response to a disease-related or fierce animal problem). Its trained staff is willing to work in often-dangerous conditions in order to solve people's immediate, often costly problems. Many of the problems are not those of direct financial loss, but of lost quality of life-sleeplessness, fear, annoyance, uncertainty. The staff experiences the pleasure of helping people, improving the environment, protecting it from often unnecessary large-scale, simplistic, animal control efforts, and working to improve the Lasting Forests itself.

The Pest Force may work with students and faculty at Virginia Tech, providing employment and experience for undergraduate students, and research and project options for graduate students and faculty. The animals involved in the work of the Pest Force are measured and results are used by scientists to learn more about the animals and the effective control of their actual or perceived damages. Unique problems do occur and the staff, with a taskforce, will attack such problems. In some cases research is needed, but the Lasting Forests typically uses a rationally robust strategy (Giles et al. 1995), adaptive management, and a sophisticated computer employing "expert system" software.

The Pest Force offers geographic information system (GIS) analyses through System Central. One recurrent theme in damage management is that the wrong crops (or other things of value) are put in the wrong places. "They could not have picked a worse place!" is often heard. GIS can help developers avoid problems by selecting the right or "least bad" spots for crops, livestock, buildings, etc. GIS can help explain problem causes, identify trends, project future problems as land uses change due to ecological succession or urban sprawl.

The Pest Force offers unusual design services. Major pest damage problems arise in faulty design. Simple changes in architecture or building construction can avoid costly damage reduction work year after year. A question-answer software unit allows contractors, developers, and architects to solve some of their own animal damage design problems (personally and within the security of their creative spaces). Personal advice from staff is also available because unique structures will not likely be addressed by the software available.

The group of animals with great appeal and with unexploited financial potentials is one for intensive management, the furbearers. A rich variety of these animals lives in the region--raccoon, beaver, weasel, mink, and others. These need management since they cause damage and can compromise other management objectives but they can also be changed into a profitable managerial enterprise. Much research has been done on them, but much, much more is needed and few people realize the complexity and relations of their system and that of other components of the Foundation lands and its objectives. The need is for some of the most intense, far-reaching research any where in the world. It should not be on the biology of the animal alone (the past trend) but on the total profitable enterprise. Agencies have waited for funds but none to our knowledge have stabilized an intensive management system including feedback and future predictions. The prospects are not for recreational trapping (strongly opposed by some) but for a viable, profitable enterprise utilizing one of the natural products of the area...in ways no one else has been able to sustain in the past. A specialized program for beaver management may be developed, one including beaver removal, tours, education, anti-preservationist work, publications, damage assessment, legal assistance, and integration with forestry and fisheries.

The laws related to controlling animals are now very complex. Trained, certified, bonded staff can avoid these issues, adding further to cost effectiveness and increased expected value of services provided. Expert testimony can be provided. A sub-unit, one often with parallel work and emphases is described here as The Raccoon Group. A powerful resource book for solutions is available as is contact with the Berryman Institute. Chemical toxicities and related matters are also available at:

Search CIS for information about chemical toxicity, biodegradation, environmental fate, chemical/physical properties, site assessment, effects on wildlife and marine organisms, occupational safety and health and much more.

**Search by Chemical Name, CAS Registry Number or other fields.

**Search all CIS databases at one time or limit searching to a single database or any combination of databases. Databases include SANSS, RTECS, RCRIS, TRI, AQUIRE, TSCAINV, FINDS, PHYTOTOX, CERCLIS, BIOLOG, ISHOW, ENVIROFATE, TERRETOX and many more.

CIS is a valuable resource for environmental scientists and engineers, occupational health and safety professionals, toxicologists, chemists and other professions interested in the effects of chemicals on the environment.

A pesticide database became available in April, 2001: Version 2.0 of the PAN Pesticide Database is now available at http://www.pesticideinfo.org

Product details about the Chemical Information System (The CIS), are available.

To: DOCSCIPUBLIN@LISTSERV.DOC.GOVT.NZ Subject: (2118) Eason & Wickstrom--Vertebrate pesticide toxicology manual Important new DOC science publication, mounted on the Intranet (Hardcopy available at the end of the month: for orders mailto:science.publications@doc.govt.nz) Vertebrate pesticide toxicology manual (poisons) ; Information on poisons used in New Zealand as vertebrate pesticides

by Charles T. Eason and Mark Wickstrom Department of Conservation Technical Series 23, 122 p. ISBN 0-478-22035-9, ISSN 1172-6873

This is a revised edition of Vertebrate pest control manual: Toxins and poisons. Information on toxins and poisons used in vertebrate pesticides, edited by N. Haydock and C.T. Eason, 1997 (commonly referred to as the 'Toxins Manual').

The new manual is mounted in its entirety on the Intranet at:
http://docintranet/content/sru/pubs/pdfs/tr23.pdf (preliminary 8 pages - 422KB)
http://docintranet/content/sru/pubs/pdfs/tr23a.pdf (Chapter 1: Acute poisons - pp. 1-40, 248KB)
http://docintranet/content/sru/pubs/pdfs/tr23b.pdf (Chapter 2: Anticoagulant poisons - pp. 41-74, 216KB)
http://docintranet/content/sru/pubs/pdfs/tr23c.pdf (Chapter 3: Toxins no longer used by DOC; and
Chapter 4: Comparative risk assessment; Acknowledgements - pp. 75-81,174KB)
http://docintranet/content/sru/pubs/pdfs/tr23d.pdf (References; Appendixes; Glossary - pp. 81-122, 251KB)

Estimated Development costs of the Pest Force....$80,000

Estimated profits (5th year).....$80,000

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Last revision November 15, 2000.