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The following appendix have been developed to support **Lasting Forests**.

While many units of measure have become widely accepted, almost standard, there are often needs to transform measures from the literature into relationships among various parts of the land use and management system. Advice is sought on other measurements and coefficients that are useful and should be added to this table.

**Multiply the unit in the left column by the number shown in the center to get the value desired in the right column**

Length |
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Multiply inches feet yards chains miles rods rods chains chains chains chains links miles kilometers nautical miles (knots) nautical miles nautical miles |
by 2.5400 0.3048 0.9144 20.1168 1.609344 16.5 2.75 100 66 0.020117 7.92 63,360 1000 1.516 1.85325 1 8 |
To Get...centimeters meters meters meters kilometers feet fathoms links (surveyor's chain) feet kilometers inches inches meters miles kilometers minutes of arc at equator furlongs |

Area |
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Multiply square inches square feet square miles square miles hectares hectares acres square meters square miles acres townships square foot quarter girths square yards acres |
by 6.4516 0.09290 258.9 2.59 0.01 10,000 10 10,000 640 43,560 36 0.1183 0.8361 0.4047 |
To Get...square centimeters square meters hectares square kilometers square kilometers square meters square chains square centimeters acres square feet square miles square meters square meters hectares |

Volume |
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Multiply gallons gallons gallons liters cubic feet cubic feet cubic feet cubic feet cubic meters cubic meters cubic meters cubic inches bushels bushels barrels barrels inches of water on 1 acre soil surface plow depth (6.66 inches) volume of compact soil cords |
by 3.785332 4 0.133681 1 0.8036 0.037 7.48052 0.02832 1.308 35.3145 264.170 0.004329 32 1.24446 4.21 31.5 101.3 2 million 1.2 128 |
To Get...liters quarts cubic feet kilograms of pure water at 40 C and 760 mm pressure bushels cubic yards gallons cubic meters cubic yards cubic feet gallons gallons dry quarts cubic feet cubic feet gallons tons pounds per acre volumes of same soil when excavated or filled cubic feet (8x4x4) |

Weight per Unit Area |
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Multiply grams per square yard pounds per acre hundredweights per acre tons per acre |
by 11.96 1.120850 125.5 2511 |
To Get...kilograms per hectare kilograms per hectare kilograms per hectare kilograms per hectare |

Weight per Unit Volume |
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Multiply pounds per cubic foot pounds per gallon ounces per bushel |
by 16.02 0.09978 0.7795 |
To Get...kilograms per cubic meter kilograms per liter grams per liter |

Volume per Unit Area |
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Multiply gallons per acre inches per acre inches per acre inches per acre inches per acre cubic feet per acre |
by 11.23 6,272,640 27,154 3,630 102,788 0.06998 |
To Get...liters per hectare cubic inches gallons cubic feet liters cubic meters per hectare |

Velocity |
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Multiply miles per hour cubic feet per second gallons per minute |
by 1.467 448.8 31,536,000 |
To Get...feet per second gallons per minute gallons per year |

Weight |
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Multiply ounces (Avoirdupois) pounds hundredweights hundredweights long tons long tons short tons short tons short tons short tons stones stones pounds kilograms kilograms grains cubic feet of water cubic feet of dry muck cubic feet of dry clay and silt cubic feet of dry sand cubic feet of dry loam cubic yards of soil cubic meters of soil |
by 28.34953 0.45359237 0.05080 1000 1.01605 2240 2000 907.1849 0.89286 0.90718 14 6.35 453.592 1000 2.204622 0.064799 62.4 25-30 68-80 100-110 80-95 2295 3000 |
To Get...grams kilograms tons kilograms metric tons pounds pounds kilograms long tons metric tons pounds kilograms grams grams pounds grams pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds |

Note 1 cubic yard of concrete = approx 2000 pounds (1 ton)

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This Web site is maintained by R. H.
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Last revision January 17, 2000.